Various types of nutrition for people with coronary heart disease.
A balanced diet consists of carbohydrates composition of 50-60% of total calories, protein 10-15% of total calories, and fat not more than 25%. Please note the type of fat to be consumed, saturated fatty acids will brings bad effects on heart health, and unsaturated fatty acids have a good influence.
a. Saturated fat (SAFA = saturated fatty acids)
Saturated fats can raise levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Therefore, limit excessive consumption of saturated fat, especially from animal sources such as red meat, lard, coconut oil, chocolate, cheese, cream, milk, cream, butter.
b. Monounsaturated fat (MUFA = monounsaturated fatty acids)
Widely found in vegetable oils, such as olive oil, canola oil, peanut oil, margarine.- Omega 9 fatty acids Widely found in olive oil and palm oil. Omega-9 can reduce levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood, and increase HDL cholesterol greater than omega 3 and omega 6.
c. Polyunsaturated fat (PUFA = polyunsaturated fatty acids)
Polyunsaturated fat widely found in corn oil, soybean oil, sesame oil.- Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids.Often found in fish, such as tuna, mackerel, pomfret.Benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids to cardiovascular health has been widely reported.
d.- Omega 6 Fatty Acids
Widely found in vegetable oils such as sunflower oil, margarine, corn oil, soybean oil. In addition, acids omega 6 fat are also widely available in vegetables and meat.
In addition to fatty foods, foods high in cholesterol should also be limited for the prevention of CHD. Examples of foods that contain a lot of cholesterol, especially: egg yolks, offal (brain, liver, kidney), pork, pork oil. Cholesterol intake should be limited to no more than 300 mg / day.
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Protein divided into two, namely vegetable protein (from nuts, soy, tofu, tempeh), and animal protein (meat, chicken, milk, dairy products).
Foods that contain lots of carbohydrates such as rice, potato, sago, noodles, flour, pasta. Carbohydrates are divided into two types, namely simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. People who are accustomed to eating foods high in carbohydrates have low HDL cholesterol levels, and high levels of triglycerides.
If the consumption of foods high in carbohydrates is reduced, then the triglyceride levels can drop back as usual in a few weeks. For those who habitually consume simple carbohydrates, triglyceride levels will be higher than those who habitually consume complex carbohydrates. Therefore, it is advisable to consume lots of fiber, which is very beneficial for heart health.
Excessive consumption of simple carbohydrates, such as sugar will increase your calorie intake, which can lead to obesity, thus increasing the risk of CHD.
By type, the fiber is divided into two, namely soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber is easily digested by the body. This type of fiber found in apples, strawberries, oranges, gelatin, oats, whole grains, legumes and seaweed. Insoluble fiber is not easily digested by the body. This type of fiber found in carrots, beets, tubers.
Limit your intake of salt not more than 6 g / day. In CHD patients with high blood pressure and swelling, salt intake should be strictly regulated, usually less than 2 g / day (1/2 teaspoon of table salt)
8. Alcohol and coffee
Consumption of alcohol about 30-60 ml per day can raise levels of LDL cholesterol. When alcohol is consumed excessively, the effect is not good because it can increase the risk of CHD, such as elevated triglycerides and high blood pressure. In addition to increased levels of total and LDL cholesterol, coffee can also increase blood pressure.
9. Micro nutrients
Vitamins and minerals that are antioxidants ie vitamin C, vitamin E, beta carotene and selenium are beneficial for heart health. Vitamin C is found in many fruits such as lemon, melon, strawberries, and vegetables such as tomatoes, broccoli, cauliflower and green vegetables. Vitamin E is found in many vegetable oils, soybean oil, nuts and vegetables. Beta carotene is found in many green-orange vegetables, fruits and green vegetables. Calcium is abundant in meat, milk and dairy products. Magnesium is found in the green leafy vegetables, milk and dairy products, nuts, beans, and cereals. Chromium contained in the brewer’s yeast and nuts. Selenium is present in the meat, shellfish and cereals.Incoming search terms: